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About Crystal Chandeliers

Crystal chandeliers, their parts and assembly process; brief history, manufactured types and colours of crystal chandeliers

Crystal chandelier 4074 24HK-669/1S The parent of all chandeliers was a candle which displaced earlier wooden torches and oil lamps. The candle was the most commonly used artificial source of light. It was popular for its relatively stable luminous intensity and the nice reddish colour of the light. As it was technically impossible to increase the luminosity of the candle flame, a larger number of candles was used in interiors. Therefore, various types of multi-light candle holders were developed. Later, floor-type lights, desk-top lights and multi-arm chandeliers appeared as well.
Perhaps all historic styles are reflected in the graphic aspects of the structural parts of chandeliers. For example, the conical shape of tiered chandeliers was taken from Dutch chandeliers from the turn of 16th and 17th centuries. Trimmings first appeared in Italy in the end of the 16th century and were later replaced by hand-cut crystal ones in France.
In 1730 a chandelier with trimmings, the so called Theresian or Maria Theresa chandelier, appeared in Austria. The crystal trimmings were manufactured in Bohemia. Since 1724 all-glass chandeliers of the English type have been manufactured in Bohemia, later Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic. Similar types also appeared later in Belgium and Italy.
The invention of the light bulb dramatically influenced the look of crystal chandeliers.

A crystal chandelier consists of these parts:
- chain with canopy
- body
- arms
- bobeches, bowls and dishes
- trimmings (crystal chains, prims)

Colours of crystal chandeliers:
The basic colour of the metal parts of a chandelier is yellow, sometimes referred to as gold. It is polished lacquered brass. The second most frequent colour is nickel, sometimes referred to as silver or chrome. Another colour possibility is antique, which is patinated brass. Glass parts are either clear, coloured, enamelled or made from pickup glass.

Chandelier assembly:
In the case of large crystal chandeliers, it is essential to stick to the assembly manual / scheme, which is an integral part of each light. Connecting the chandelier to an electric circuit is not complicated but it is, in the case of large chandeliers, preceded by a more complicated preparation the interconnection of all of the arms and the main cable with the wires. You should leave this work for a specialised company, especially if you want to wire the chandelier up to a double-switch. Last but not least, when contemplating the purchase of a chandelier, it is important to consider its weight, which can be between 10 and 14 kilos in the case of a 12-arm crystal chandelier, depending on the amount and type of trimmings.

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